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6061鋁三種狀態的區別和用途是什么

來源:http://www.fuzore.com  發布時間:2019-04-09 14:31:06  

  6061鋁板三種狀態區別及主要用途
  The Difference of Three States of 6061 Aluminum Plate and Its Main Uses
  6061鋁板具有強度高,抗腐蝕、抗氧化效果好,廣泛用于自動化機械零件、精密加工、汽車底盤、蛋糕模具等方面,深受廣大用戶的喜歡,但是6061鋁板T6、F、O三種狀態的區別是什么。
  6061 aluminium sheet has high strength, good corrosion resistance and anti-oxidation effect. It is widely used in automatic mechanical parts, precision processing, automobile chassis, cake mould and so on. It is popular with the majority of users. But what is the difference between the three states of 6061 aluminium sheet T6, F and O?
  6061鋁板的主要合金元素為鎂與硅,具有中等強度,良好的抗腐蝕,氧化效果好。6061鋁板經過熱處理后應用廣泛,6061鋁合金厚板應用于自動化機械零件、精密加工、各種模具制造。
  The main alloying elements of 6061 aluminium sheet are magnesium and silicon, which have medium strength, good corrosion resistance and good oxidation effect. 6061 aluminium sheet is widely used after heat treatment. 6061 aluminium sheet is used in automatic mechanical parts, precision processing and various die manufacturing.
  6061鋁板常用狀態:
  Commonly used status of 6061 aluminium sheet:
  T6狀態是6061鋁合金使用較多的,6061中厚板此狀態通過中厚板淬火—中厚板切片—拉伸機—時效處理—鋸床—拋光—包裝。整個生產周期約在10天左右,由固溶熱處理后,不需要進行冷加工,可進行矯直,矯平,但不影響力學性能。
  The state of T6 is the most widely used in 6061 aluminium alloy. The state of 6061 medium and heavy plate is quenched, sliced, stretched, aged, sawed, polished and packaged by medium and heavy plate. The whole production cycle is about 10 days. After solid solution heat treatment, it does not need cold processing. It can be straightened and leveled, but it does not affect the mechanical properties.
  F狀態是6061鋁合金自由加工狀態,適用于在成型過程中,對于加工硬化和熱處理條件的特殊產品。F態生產周期很短:中厚板切片—鋸床—拋光(也可不拋光,根據客戶要求)—包裝,整個過程安排順利3天可出貨,F態力學性能不做規格,客戶根據自己需要可把F態再進行熱處理加工,生產成所需的狀態使用。相對應價格也是較便宜的。
  F state is the free working state of 6061 aluminium alloy. It is suitable for special products with work hardening and heat treatment conditions in the forming process. F-state production cycle is very short: medium and heavy plate slicing-sawing machine-polishing (or not polishing, according to customer requirements) - packaging, the entire process can be arranged smoothly for 3 days to ship, F-state mechanical properties do not require specifications, customers according to their own needs can re-heat the F-state processing, production into the required state of use. The corresponding price is also the cheapest.
  O狀態是6061鋁合金經過完全退火獲得較低強度的加工產品。適用于6061鋁合金8.0以下的薄板,其生產工藝:冷軋成品厚度—拉彎矯清洗—完全退火—飛剪切片(或者拉彎矯出成品)—包裝入庫等一系列的生產,生產周期僅次于T6狀態。
  The O state is the lowest strength processed product of 6061 aluminium alloy after complete annealing. It is suitable for the production of 6061 aluminium alloy sheets below 8.0. Its production process is as follows: thickness of cold rolled products - cleaning by stretching and bending rectification - complete annealing - flying shear (or stretching and bending rectified products) - packaging and storage, and the production cycle is only second to that of T6.
  6061合金鋁板在汽車底盤的應用
  Application of 6061 Alloy Aluminum Plate in Automotive Chassis
  汽車底盤即車輛的車底主框架。所有車輛的動力部分,包括引擎、車軸、變速箱、差動器等以及懸掛系統都安裝于底盤上。
  Vehicle chassis is the main frame of vehicle chassis. The power parts of all vehicles, including engines, axles, gearboxes, differential and suspension systems, are mounted on the chassis.
  汽車底盤的作用是支承、安裝汽車發動機及其各部件、總成,形成汽車的整體造型,并接受發動機的動力,使汽車產生運動,保證正常行駛。同時,一個好的底盤,可以保證駕駛者的生命安全。
  The function of the automobile chassis is to support and install the automobile engine and its components and assemblies, to form the overall shape of the automobile, and to accept the power of the engine, so that the automobile can generate movement and ensure normal driving. At the same time, a good chassis can ensure the safety of the driver's life.
  目前汽車輕量化是一個大趨勢,汽車輕量化即采用現代設計方法和有效手段,對汽車產品進行優化設計或使用新材料,在確保汽車綜合性能指標前提下,達到減重,節能,減排,安全的綜合指標。
  At present, the lightweight of automobile is a major trend. The lightweight of automobile is to optimize the design of automobile products or use new materials by using modern design methods and effective means. Under the premise of ensuring the comprehensive performance indicators of automobile, the comprehensive indicators of weight reduction, energy saving, emission reduction and safety can be achieved.

                                 鋁板生產廠家
  汽車輕量化有以下優勢:1.輕量化。全鋁比傳統鋼材,至少輕100kg以上。提升動力性,燃油經濟型,操控性。2.耐腐蝕。使用耐久性比鋼材高。3.更安全。鋁材吸能是一般鋼材的兩倍。
  Automobile lightweight has the following advantages: 1. Lightweight. Aluminum is at least 100 kg lighter than traditional steel. Enhance power, fuel economy and maneuverability. 2. Corrosion resistance. Durability is higher than steel. 3. Safer. Aluminum absorbs twice as much energy as steel.

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