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怎么樣強化鋁板你知道嗎?

來源:http://www.fuzore.com  發布時間:2019-02-28 16:08:22  

不同的行業和范疇對鋁板的功能要求也不同,在機械加工等行業,對鋁板的硬度要求特別嚴厲,這就要求在鋁板生產過程中進行硬化處理,以進步鋁板的硬度,達到功能要求。
Different industries and categories have different functional requirements for aluminium sheets. In mechanical processing and other industries, the hardness requirements for aluminium sheets are particularly stringent, which requires hardening treatment in the production process of aluminium sheets to improve the hardness of aluminium sheets and meet the functional requirements.
現在主流的加工辦法有兩種,分別是加工強化和固溶強化,下面杭州鋁板批發分別對兩種辦法作簡略介紹:
At present, there are two main processing methods: processing strengthening and solution strengthening. The following two methods are briefly introduced in Hangzhou Aluminum Wholesale:
1.加工強化鋁板
1. Processing strengthened aluminium sheet
加工強化也稱冷作硬化,就是鋁板在再結晶溫度以下冷變形加工如鑄造、壓延、拉拔、拉伸等,冷變形時,鋁板內部位錯密度增大,且彼此纏結并構成胞狀結構,阻止位錯運動。
Processing strengthening, also known as cold work hardening, is the cold deformation of aluminum sheet under recrystallization temperature, such as casting, calendering, drawing and drawing. When cold deformation occurs, the dislocation density inside the aluminum sheet increases, and intertwines with each other to form cellular structure to prevent dislocation movement.
變形度越大位錯纏結越嚴峻,變形抗力越大,強度越高。冷變形后強化的程度隨變形度、變形溫度及材料自身的性質而不同。同一材料在同一溫度下冷變形時,變形度越大則強度越高,塑性則越低。
The larger the deformation degree, the more severe the dislocation entanglement, the greater the deformation resistance and the higher the strength. The degree of strengthening after cold deformation varies with the degree of deformation, the temperature of deformation and the properties of the material itself. When the same material is cold deformed at the same temperature, the greater the deformation degree, the higher the strength and the lower the plasticity.
2.固溶強化鋁板
2. Solution strengthened aluminium sheet


在純鋁中增加某些合金元素構成無限固溶體或有限固溶體,不僅能取得高的強度,而且還能取得優良的塑性與良好的壓力加工功能。
Adding some alloying elements to pure aluminium to form infinite solid solution or finite solid solution can not only obtain high strength, but also obtain excellent plasticity and good pressure processing function.
在一般鋁板中固溶強化較常用的合金元素是銅、鎂、錳、鋅、硅、鎳等元素。一般鋁板的合金化都構成有限的固溶體,如Al-Cu,Al-Mg,Al-Zn,Al-Si,Al-Mn等二元合金均構成有限固溶體,而且都有較大的極限溶解度能起較大的固溶強化效果。
Copper, magnesium, manganese, zinc, silicon and nickel are the most commonly used alloying elements in solution strengthening of general aluminium sheets. Generally, the alloying of aluminium sheets constitutes a limited solid solution, such as Al-Cu, Al-Mg, Al-Zn, Al-Si, Al-Mn binary alloys, which constitute a limited solid solution, and have a greater limit solubility to play a greater solid solution strengthening effect.
通過強化的鋁板,其硬度功能都會得到顯著提升,但是其硬度無法一向提升下去;當達到硬度上限的時分,不管何種辦法,都無法繼續進步鋁板的硬度,只能選擇基礎硬度就更高的牌號。
The hardness function of the strengthened aluminium sheet will be significantly improved, but its hardness can not always be improved; when the upper limit of hardness is reached, no matter what method, it can not continue to improve the hardness of the aluminium sheet, only the brand with higher basic hardness can be selected.
以上信息是我們鋁板生產廠家整理發布希望大家有所幫助我們的網站是:http://www.fuzore.com!
The above information is published by our aluminium plate manufacturer. We hope you can help us with our website: http://www.fuzore.com!

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