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你知道是什么影響鋁材的材質嗎?

來源:http://www.fuzore.com  發布時間:2019-02-19 14:29:42  

合金元素
alloying element
合金是鋁鎂硅為主要元素配制的合金,每一種元素均有一定規模的含量,鎂的價格高.有的廠家為了削減本錢,把鎂的用量少到較少答應含量。有的更甚者,把鎂的含量低于答應的較少含量。
The alloy is made of Al, Mg and Si as the main elements. Each element has a certain amount of content. The price of magnesium is high. In order to reduce the cost, some manufacturers reduce the amount of magnesium to the minimum allowable content. Some even worse, the content of magnesium is lower than the minimum content promised.
壓花鋁卷, 涂層鋁卷, 斑紋鋁卷,防銹鋁卷,還有的廠在合金中加廢電線和廢盆廢鋁鍋,根本談不上6063合金。致使鋁型材機械強度很低,可以低到用兩手一彎很簡單曲折,俗稱象面條相同軟。這就是鋁材為什么能廉價幾千元原因之一。
Embossed aluminium coil, coated aluminium coil, striped aluminium coil, rust-proof aluminium coil, and some factories add scrap wire and scrap pot to the alloy, which is far from 6063 alloy. As a result, the mechanical strength of aluminium profiles is very low, which can be as low as simple and tortuous as bending with both hands, commonly known as the same soft noodles. This is one of the reasons why aluminium can be cheaper by thousands of yuan.
鋁合金熔煉爐
Aluminum alloy smelting furnace
配好的6063合金怎么熔化,用什么爐子,這也至關重要的,現在國內選用的爐子有40年代水平的,也有90年代水平的,較差的廠家用原始的坩鍋爐。有燒煤的、燒油的、燒氣的和電加熱的熔煉爐。
How to melt the matched 6063 alloy and what kind of furnace to use are also very important. Now the domestic selected furnace is at the level of the 1940s, but also in the 1990s. The worst manufacturer uses the original crucible boiler. There are coal-fired, oil-fired, gas-fired and electrically heated smelting furnaces.
有的爐子有煙囪的,有的爐子無煙囪。一般用的多為方型爐(矩形爐),先進的為圓形爐,有的圓形爐可以傾斜倒鋁水。論噸位有一噸、二噸、五噸、十噸、二十五噸和五十噸熔鋁形爐。
Some stoves have chimneys, others have no chimneys. Generally used is square furnace (rectangular furnace), advanced is circular furnace, some circular furnace can tilt pour aluminium. On the tonnage, there are one ton, two tons, five tons, ten tons, twenty-five tons and fifty tons of aluminium melting furnace.
壓花鋁卷, 涂層鋁卷, 斑紋鋁卷,防銹鋁卷,比較先進一點的,在熔鋁爐下面再加一個靜置爐、靜置爐重要配制6063合金用,可在此爐內除渣除氣,靜置,然后再鑄造鋁棒,鋁天花吊頂以供揉捏運用。在原始燒煤的爐子中和現代圓形爐配制的合金質量,肯定不相同。
Embossed aluminium coil, coated aluminium coil, speckled aluminium coil and rust-proof aluminium coil are more advanced. Adding a static furnace and a static furnace under the aluminium melting furnace to prepare 6063 alloy can remove slag and degasse in this furnace, and then put it in a static position, and then cast aluminium rod and aluminium ceiling for kneading and kneading. The quality of alloys prepared in original coal-fired furnaces is certainly different from that in modern round furnaces.
一般爐子,不論燒什么燃料,均應有煙筒,燃料在燃燒過程中產生的廢氣廢渣大部分可以從煙筒排出。如沒煙筒廢氣廢渣全部熔在鋁水中,這樣鑄出供揉捏用的鋁棒,內部存在有嚴重的夾渣氣泡,這是鋁材質量低劣原因之一,這也是鋁價廉價原因之一。彩涂鋁卷
In general, no matter what kind of fuel is burned, there should be a flue gas. Most of the waste gas and slag produced during the combustion of fuel can be discharged from the flue gas. If all the waste gas and slag without chimney are melted in aluminium water, then the aluminium rod for kneading is cast. There are serious slag bubbles in the rod, which is one of the reasons for the poor quality of aluminium material and also one of the reasons for the low price of aluminium. Coloured aluminium roll


合金鑄造
Alloy Casting
國內鑄造設備水平,同樣相差很遠,國內較老的鑄造設備有40年代水平的鐵模鑄造,先進的有液壓半接連鑄造。
The level of domestic foundry equipment is also far from each other. The oldest foundry equipment in China is 40's level of iron mould casting, and advanced hydraulic semi-continuous casting.
鐵模鑄造鑄棒結晶安排很差,并在鑄棒中有大量夾渣和氣泡,鑄棒質量很差,現在一般工廠用的比較遍及的是,水平鑄造(又稱接連鑄造)和半接連鑄造,半接連鑄造大部分鋼絲繩傳動,較好的液壓傳動。半接連鑄造棒的長度不等,一般為3米、4米直到8米。
The crystallization arrangement of cast rod in iron mould casting is very poor, and there are a lot of slag and bubbles in the cast rod. The quality of the cast rod is very poor. Now the horizontal casting (also known as continuous casting) and semi-continuous casting are widely used in factories. Most of the wire rope transmission in semi-continuous casting is the best hydraulic transmission. The length of semi-continuous casting rod varies from 3 meters, 4 meters to 8 meters.
半接連鑄造是地坑式,一邊鑄造一邊下降,四周用冷水四面冷卻,因為水冷四周均勻,鑄棒結晶安排均勻細密。但鋼絲繩向下傳動,不如液壓傳動平穩,液壓鑄造的鑄棒外表比其它鑄棒外表均光滑。
Semi-continuous casting is pit-type, casting while falling, cooling around with cold water, because the water cooling around is uniform, the rod crystallization arrangement is uniform and fine. But the downward transmission of wire rope is not as smooth as that of hydraulic transmission. The appearance of hydraulic casting rod is smoother than that of other casting rods.
型材揉捏
Profile kneading
我國型材揉捏機種類繁復,檔次高低懸殊,也為世界之較。有工廠自己的簡易揉捏機,有用壓擠塑料機改造的,有少數國產的,好和差的揉捏機,同樣的鑄棒,擠出的型材質量決不二樣。
China's profile kneading machine is the most complex in the world, with a wide range of grades. There are factories'own simple kneading machines, reformed with extruding plastics machines, and a few domestic kneading machines of good and bad quality. The same casting rods have the same quality of extruded profiles.
以上信息是我們鋁板生產廠家整理發布希望對大家有所喜歡我們的網站是:http://www.fuzore.com!
Above information is our aluminium plate manufacturer's collation and publication hope to everyone like our website is: http://www.fuzore.com!

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